Third molar tooth extraction, also called wisdom tooth extraction, is often necessary when the third molars come in and cause issues with oral health, push up against the second molars or make it harder to reach all areas of teeth while brushing. Many have heard of third-molar tooth extraction, but few understand what it is…
When Is Tooth Extraction Needed?
Sometimes, tooth extraction is required for individuals who have broken or decayed teeth. In some cases, this procedure allows for implants and dentures to take the place of a pulled tooth, or a dentist may extract a damaged tooth that causes pain. While some individuals may put it off, knowing when to have a tooth extracted can improve overall oral health.
About tooth extraction
A dentist usually decides when a dental extraction is necessary, but in some cases, patients may report to an emergency dentist or local clinic when a sudden toothache comes on or if there was an accident that caused a broken tooth. Such an incident may cause a variety of problems, including:
- Radiating tooth pain
- Difficulties chewing
- Pain while brushing the teeth
- Upper/lower jaw pain
There are several reasons why an extraction may be necessary. These vary depending on a patient’s age, activity level, and oral health history.
A dentist may recommend a tooth extraction after an accident, especially when one or more teeth are shattered at the gumline. Broken teeth are often difficult to save with cosmetic means and may need to be removed. A cracked tooth is often equally challenging to repair, especially if a piece of the tooth went missing during the accident, such as with a sports injury or a fall.
As teeth age, they may be more vulnerable to decay. Over time, this can lead to decay that exposes their nerves, which can cause severe pain. Eldery patients who experience this issue may have trouble chewing or speaking properly. Depending on the severity of the decay, one or more teeth may need to be extracted, especially when a dentist recommends that dentures replace the missing teeth to help patients chew and speak with more ease.
Gum disease, also known as gingivitis, can have a negative effect on the surrounding teeth. When the disease progresses, the gums pull away, or recede, advancing into periodontal disease and exposing the gumline. Eventually, this may cause loose teeth. If more than a few teeth become affected by this infection, tooth extraction may be necessary to treat the issue and save any remaining teeth.
When a tooth does not erupt as it should, it can cause other teeth to push against each other. This may cause pain and discomfort, especially in the case of wisdom teeth. These final molars usually start to come in between the ages of 17 or as late as age 25. In many cases, the wisdom teeth come in with little trouble. In some individuals, however, they may only come in halfway or come in decayed. When this happens, dental professionals may recommend removing them to prevent infection, breakage, and pain.
Not all injured or damaged teeth require extraction. However, when a dentist does recommend this procedure, it may take several appointments to examine the degree of the problem and what other measures may be necessary before and after the extraction.
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